Facebook Twitter Flickr Pinterest RSS

Understanding Lens Features’ Abbreviations

Confusing lens feature designations?Every company has its own feature branding. It is confusing keeping this straight within your favorite brand, let alone when looking at other brands. This applies to understanding common lens features when comparing OEM lenses of independent manufacturers. The following enumerates some of these key lens features and identify the branding letters.

I will focus on key OEM brands, Canon and Nikon, but may add information for other brands as I find them. I’ve chosen to cover the more popular independent lens companies, Sigma and Tamron, as well.

 CanonNikonTamronSigma
Full-frame coverage lensEF – ElectrofocusAF, AF-S, FXDiDG
Crop-sensor coverage-onlyEF-SDXDi-IIDC
Optical/mechanical image stabilizationIS – image stablilizationVR – vibration reductionVC – vibration compensationOS – optical stabilization
Internal focusing lensIFIF IF
Quiet focusing motorUSM – Ultrasonic motor, STMSWM USDHSM – Hyper Sonic Motor
Low dispersionLD, HIDLD, ED, UDLD, XLD, HIDSLD, ELD, FLD
Tilt-shiftTSPC
Premium / ProfessionalL – Luxury (red ring)(gold ring)SPEX

Full-frame Coverage Lens

“Full-frame” can be a mis-understood term. It refers to the 36mm×24mm frame size of “35mm” film cameras, the form-factor from which contemporary dSLR cameras have derived. This is a large-size sensor and has many advantages over “crop-sensor” dSLRs. For full-frame sensor cameras, it is important that lenses can “cover” the its large sensor. If you are using crop-sensor cameras, you can continue to use these lenses, should you ever move to cameras will full-frame sensors. (see “Crop-sensor” below).

Crop-sensor Coverage-only

A more popular class of dSLR cameras contain a sensor which is 1/1.5 or 1/1.6 the size of a full-size sensor (usually). Because of the smaller size, lenses designed to cover this smaller area can be made cheaper and more compact. If the camera has a full-sized sensor, then crop-sensor-specific lenses will not cover the full area of the sensor. The lens may not even fit on a full-frame sensor camera. (See “Full-frame, above).

Optical/mechanical image stabilization

Hand and camera shake can be counteracted by optical or mechanical “image stabilization”. If not built into a camera, it can be integrated into a lens, itself.

Internal focusing lens

It can be beneficial for lenses to be as static as possible during its operation. Those with internal focusing operation do not alter their external size as they are focused (lenses within the lens are moved internally, only).

Quiet Focusing Motor

Quiet shooting is always a desired feature; a quiet auto-focusing motor helps with this. As video recording becomes a more commonly used feature of dSLRs, a quiet focusing motor becomes even more important, to avoid being heard in a recording.

Low Dispersion

These designations highlight the use of exotic glass materials to minimize chromatic aberration (which results in colorations due to colors naturally focusing differently). Different glasses perform differently but are usually accompanied with higher costs due to rarity, purity, and manufacturing complexities.

Tilt-shift

Tilt-shift lenses are specialized lenses that allow manual manipulation of the geometry of the lens in a fashion which mimics large-format, bellows lenses.

Premium / Professional

This is a branding indicator for a lens by the manufacturer, a short-hand way to identify that the lens is the best of their best. Notably, Nikon does not have a separate designation for their premium lenses, but identifies them with a gold-ring around the front of their premium lenses.

Nikon Specific

If you are a Nikon user, it is important to notice whether the camera requires lenses to have their own focus motor. If your camera does not have a focus motor and the lens doesn’t either then auto-focus will not work. In other words, if your camera does not have a auto-focus motor, then you must use an AF-S lens (which have a built-in motors). Tamron designates such lenses as BIM.

Summary

I hope this makes it a bit easier to understand lens designations and make sense of them as you compare various lens features. There are many other designations that I did not cover, but these are the most common and the features which might be most important in understanding the differentiations between lenses. Did I miss anything important? Let me know.

Resources

What do all those cryptic number and letter codes in a lens name mean?

Canon Lens Abbreviations

Nikon Lens Nomenclature

Understanding Tamron Lens Acronym

Sigma Lens Abbreviations

 

Leave a Reply

 
Home Equipment & Software Understanding Lens Features’ Abbreviations
%d bloggers like this: